Denmark has a generous social security system in place for families. Child benefit Denmark offers is administered by Udbetaling Danmark, which is the Public Benefits Administration. If you are an EU or EEA citizen living and working in Denmark, you may be eligible child benefit, which is also known as child cheque and family allowance.
Understanding Child Benefit
Denmark pays child benefit for each child until they attain the age of 18. The amount is not fixed and it depends on the following:
Age of the child
How long you have been earning in Denmark to be eligible for family benefits
The income of the parent receiving the benefit
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The income of the spouse
You will receive the benefit in advance every quarter. This payment will continue until the child reaches the age of 15, and thereafter, the child benefit gets converted to youth benefit. This benefit is paid in arrears each month.
Who Receives Child Benefit in Denmark?
Typically, child benefit in Denmark is paid to the mother under the assumption that the child resides with the mother. However, if the child lives with the father, the payment goes to the father. On the other, if the parents have joint custody then the benefit goes to the parent with whom the child spends the maximum time or the parent whose address is registered.
You can also receive child benefit in Denmark in the following cases:
Twins, triplets and quadruplets
The parent is still studying
Paternity of the child is unknown
The child is adopted
One or both parents are dead
How Child Support Differs from Child benefit Denmark
Many people confuse child support with child benefit. Just like any other country, child support in Denmark goes to the parent with whom the child lives. However, in this case, the other parent is not in the scene, and it is this parent who pays the support amount.
The amount is not paid by the state. Instead, both parents agree on the amount and then the parent who does not have the child has to ensure that the said amount reaches the custodial parent each month without fail.
In case the parents cannot come to an agreement on the amount of child support, the matter is referred to the State Administration. The Administration takes into consideration the situation and circumstances of the parents and child and then fixes an amount that non-custodial parent has to pay.
If parents have joint custody, both parents need to share the cost of the child’s upkeep, and this expense does not form part of the child support payment.
Applying for Child Benefit in Denmark as a Foreigner
As a foreigner living and working in Denmark, you can be eligible for child benefit if you fulfill the following eligibility criteria:
You have lived or worked in Denmark in the last 10 years
You share the custody of your child
You are a citizen of EU, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Switzerland or Iceland, but your child does not reside with you
Have documentation to prove the relationship with the child
The percentage of child benefit in Denmark increases with the duration you live or work in the country. For instance, if you have lived merely for six months, you will receive 8.3% of the benefit. On the other hand, if you have lived in the country for 6 years or more, you will receive 100% of the child benefit.
You can also accrue the years that you have spent working or living in other EU nations, EEA or Switzerland. It is prudent to remember that the Udbetaling Danmark would have to verify this information before paying you the benefit.
The Bottom Line
Child benefit in Denmark is paid by the state and part of the social security scheme prevalent in the country. Child support in Denmark is the payment made by the non-custodial parent to the custodial parent and is an out-of-pocket expense. So, if you are unable to make your child support payments, it may be prudent to apply for a private loan in Denmark to help you meet your financial obligations.